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Old 2nd February 2006   #7
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There has been published a great deal of defensive behaviour by Brodie. It all depends on where the poison comes from I guess. Bufo and Salamandra/Lyciasalamandra have two big poison glands behind their eyes, which they seem to aim in the direction of the aggressor. Pleurodeles waltl bows in an arch position to protrude the ribs, but P. nebulosus doesn't by the way (published by me and Frank Pasmans). Within Triturus/Mesotriton/Neurergus there are also different forms where probably the red coloration of the underside a role plays. Here is a Neurergus strauchii in defensive behaviour which is very similar to Mesotriton and Triturus carnifex/cristatus.
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