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Near and Middle Eastern Newts (Neurergus) Arguably the most beautiful newts in the world, this Asian genus is highly desired by many hobbyists.

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Old 31st January 2005   #1
frank
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Hi all. In november 2004, I put my pair of N kaiseri in a breeding aquarium as I did in 2003. The male and female advertise their willingness to breed by the shape of their cloaca. In contrast to 2003, nothing happened until now... The main difference with the previous year was that the temperature was lower (between 11 and 13C on average, compared to 15-17C the previous year). The shape of the male cloaca even completely turned to its non breeding shape. This weekend, I raised the temperature to 15C and the response was incredible: within 24 hours, the male cloaca was heavily swollen again and I noticed the first courtship behaviour. It thus appears to be important to keep temperatures above approximately 14C for this species to perform breeding behaviour. On the other hand, these high temperatures appear not to be necessary for egg deposition and larval development since both continued in 2003 at temperatures between 10 and 11C.



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Old 31st January 2005   #2
guenter
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Hi Frank! As far as we could see N. kaiseri needs temperatures more than 18C. But the species seems to be adaptable in a wide range corresponding to the wide range of altitudes they live in.



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Old 1st February 2005   #3
frank
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Hi Guenter,

Nice to meet you here. Well, that is an interesting point of discussion. I read your report (and from Sebastian) on N kaiseri in Iran. If I am not mistaken, you measured water temperatures of 18C in May! Wouldn't it be possible that during the winter months, temperatures drop to well below this temperature? Are there any data on water temperatures from that area in December/January?



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Old 2nd February 2005   #4
serg
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Hi you both,
my observations are the same as Franks. If the temperature rose above 15 degrees Celsius the male developed a bigger cloaca, but below that temperature (or around it) it got smaller. The females showed no difference. The past three months the were kept between 10-15 degrees Celsius. The ate and were active, although no mating behaviour was observed. Now I have moved the whole aquarium to the living room where temperatures are 15-20 degrees Celsius.
Franks animals reproduced last year also after a colder period, and hopefully my animals will as well. My feeling is that a colder period could be very important for them.



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