Amphibian disease

Chinadog

Super Moderator
Staff member
Joined
May 8, 2013
Messages
2,685
Reaction score
64
Points
48
Location
Chesterfield, England
Country
England
Its a sad state of affairs, isn't it. I'm certainly not anti pet trade, but the way things are done at the moment is wrong. Shipping huge numbers of herps all over the world via the wild animal street markets and selling them to anybody for next to nothing is asking for it. The low value of most petstore amphibians, especially Asian newts, or aquatic frogs means they are often bought on a whim by people who haven't the faintest idea how to properly care for them, let alone follow any anti disease protocol. I can't help thinking that if the importation of these creatures was regulated in some way, the price of the animals would be driven up meaning people would hopefully give it a little more thought before buying them to toss in with the turtles or tropical fish to die, or simply dumping them in a nearby pond when the novelty has worn off.
I'm not sure what the answer is, but the herp trade should be taking a good look at its self and coming up with some kind of plan before there's a knee jerk ban slapped on them by the powers that be.
 

Brynjar

New member
Joined
May 19, 2015
Messages
11
Reaction score
0
Points
0
Location
Danmark
Country
Iceland
Its irony, when the amphibians greatest weapon against extinsion is toxic when mixing species, and the exact same abilety is destroying them
 

Mark

Administrator
Staff member
Joined
Oct 14, 2004
Messages
3,259
Reaction score
50
Points
48
Location
Bristol
Country
United Kingdom
Treating all waste water for hobbyists with large aquatic collections is going to be tricky. I have a very small collection and calculate I'd need around 5 litres of bleach a week based on 1 part bleach to 10 parts water. I'd be interested to learn more about the other disinfectants listed in the document and concentrations required for successful treatment.

Jay - what do you use at Slimbridge?
 

xxianxx

Well-known member
Joined
May 19, 2011
Messages
2,570
Reaction score
59
Points
48
Location
South Wales, Gwent
Country
Wales
Display Name
nai live
This has actually made me very conscious of my own waste water, I'm setting up measures to treat everything before it goes down the drain. Anybody have an idea how much bleach (or other chemicals) is required to kill chytrid ? I can see Marks estimate but is that accurate ?
 

allied123

Member
Joined
Apr 29, 2014
Messages
351
Reaction score
7
Points
18
Location
Florida
Country
United States
This may be a stupid question but this outbreak is not only in the uk is it? I bought 2 ADF back in january with no problems, I didn't have to sign any papers and no mention was made about any disease, however when I bought another frog (who has been kept in total quarantine) in early may petsmart made me sign several papers about disease (I'm pretty sure it was about diseases the frog may have and/or could pass on to me, I forget the word for this now) and they didn't really give me the time to read them...just shoved them in my face and said oh yeah sign here. However I think their main concern was more for me signing away liability in case the frog gave me salmonella or something? again I could not fully read the paper and it was a few months ago...

And again sorry if this is a dumb question but I keep hearing about chytrid and I'm very concerned...
 

mr cyclone

Member
Joined
Mar 14, 2010
Messages
559
Reaction score
24
Points
18
Location
Edinburgh Scotland
Country
Scotland
I can see a complete ban in the UK on Exotics. Even Licensing would be better than a ban , but can't see us having a good enough argument for keeping our animals. Far too many escapees and careless releases of captive animals.
 

manderkeeper

New member
Joined
Oct 8, 2014
Messages
183
Reaction score
3
Points
0
Location
New York City
Country
United States
getting your animals tested is cheaper than treating the water forever. I had every animal I own tested and all came back negative. I'm sure there is a cheaper source of bleach if you use mass quanitities and if you have hundreds of animals coming in and out a year, month, or week, treating forever is the only practical solution. A good reason just to hang on to your animals and not always be buying, selling, and trading everything.

The cost of treating the water until the tests came back wasn't too bad esp since I only have terrestrial species! I don't think banning keeping of animals will be too effective at protecting wildlife, literally every piece of land is going to be consumed as the human population continues to advance toward carrying capacity. As terrible as this is, the largest problem is still being ignored -- the ever increasing populations of humans and the habitat destruction, degradation, and fragmentation it requires to continue this advancement.
 

Chinadog

Super Moderator
Staff member
Joined
May 8, 2013
Messages
2,685
Reaction score
64
Points
48
Location
Chesterfield, England
Country
England
I don't think banning keeping of animals will be too effective at protecting wildlife.
It certainly wouldn't do them any harm at this point, would it.
Don't get me wrong, I love my hobby, but on the rare occasions I go to reptile/herp shops for supplies I leave feeling almost guilty by association. Its normally possible to find amphibians kept at the wrong temperature, or wrong set up completely, Mixed species of stressed tortoises/turtles cooped up in tiny vivarium type enclosures with bubbling noses, closed eyes or even shell injuries from being dug out the ground for export while hibernating in their homelands. I don't know anything about snakes or lizards, but seeing how they perform with other species its probably a similar story with those as well.
As the years roll on, we're increasingly distanced from the wildlife around us and herps are a good way to teach kids respect and curiosity for the natural world, but not when the animals involved are sick/dying when bought.
I would hate to see herp keeping banned, I really would, but we do ourselves no favours, sometimes.
 

Mark

Administrator
Staff member
Joined
Oct 14, 2004
Messages
3,259
Reaction score
50
Points
48
Location
Bristol
Country
United Kingdom
I imagine each country will address the threat in it’s own way depending on how high up wildlife is on the agenda. Chances are there will be some blanket bans on the movement of amphibians across borders. In the meantime we must do what we can to be responsible hobbyists by following the guidelines above. Bsal is an opportunity to show that lessons were learn’t from Bd. However, action is required now and the legislative wheels turn slowly.
 

Jay Redbond

New member
Joined
Apr 19, 2010
Messages
112
Reaction score
15
Points
0
Location
Gloucestershire
Country
United Kingdom
Hello all,

To answer your question Mark I use Virkon it costs about £2000 a year to treat all the water exiting all the amphibian areas. So 400 plus animals 60 species, that's not too bad in the grand scheme of things.

I don't think there will be a ban, but it could happen so we need to start acting know.

It is not just about Chytrid ther4e are other pathogens that we are yet to detected that could be coming into the country with our exotic amphibians that may affect our natives. Getting them tested and getting negative results does not mean you don't have chytrid, you can get false negatives. We had a group of Whites treefrogs here for over 5 years they had been tested for chytrid over 10 time and all coming back negative. Then one died and we got them tested, because the vet was adamant it was chytrid, we had them tested lots at this point over a number of months and after the 6 swab it was positive for chytrid. So treat all animals as carries and don't assume they are clear.

Hope this helps a little, hate to be the barer of bad news it is a pain in my bum too.

Kind Regards
Jay
 

Chinadog

Super Moderator
Staff member
Joined
May 8, 2013
Messages
2,685
Reaction score
64
Points
48
Location
Chesterfield, England
Country
England
I'm going to get my small collection tested in the next few weeks, will every animal need testing individually, or would one animal from each tank be enough, especially where juveniles are concerned?
 

AuSu

Member
Joined
Jul 19, 2014
Messages
254
Reaction score
9
Points
18
Location
Salo, Finland
Country
Finland
Display Name
Auli
I've only recently understood that there's a problem (bd/bsal) that concerns also me through my newts. So far, I've just let the waste water down the toilet without any treatments, thinking water cleaning company will treat it... :( So, here some basic questions to make sure that I understood right:
- treating water with bleach 1 to 10 is the amount but what else? Do you stirr it, let it stay for a while or just put the bleach into water and then down the drain? If you use Virkon, is it tablets or flour or what sort?
- with moss, plants, decorations you could also use total drying, for example sauna? Is 80 celsius degrees enough or has that been measured in any studies? Maybe easier to treat them with bleach as well if they're not going back to tank any more...
- as I have some fishes that were kept with the newts together in their previous homes, should I assume they are carriers, too?

Now that I'm thinking this, I feel it's no longer safe to change plants/sand/shrimps/anything with other hobbyists/aquarium hobbyists from any of my four tanks since there might be a carrier of Bd/Bsal in every tank! And I guess it's better to think so than just close my eyes - I love those few species we have around as native and would never want them to disappear. (or maybe I'm now too paranoid since I don't have a clear idea of this yet???)
 

Jay Redbond

New member
Joined
Apr 19, 2010
Messages
112
Reaction score
15
Points
0
Location
Gloucestershire
Country
United Kingdom
I've only recently understood that there's a problem (bd/bsal) that concerns also me through my newts. So far, I've just let the waste water down the toilet without any treatments, thinking water cleaning company will treat it... :( So, here some basic questions to make sure that I understood right:
- treating water with bleach 1 to 10 is the amount but what else? Do you stirr it, let it stay for a while or just put the bleach into water and then down the drain? If you use Virkon, is it tablets or flour or what sort?
- with moss, plants, decorations you could also use total drying, for example sauna? Is 80 celsius degrees enough or has that been measured in any studies? Maybe easier to treat them with bleach as well if they're not going back to tank any more...
- as I have some fishes that were kept with the newts together in their previous homes, should I assume they are carriers, too?

Now that I'm thinking this, I feel it's no longer safe to change plants/sand/shrimps/anything with other hobbyists/aquarium hobbyists from any of my four tanks since there might be a carrier of Bd/Bsal in every tank! And I guess it's better to think so than just close my eyes - I love those few species we have around as native and would never want them to disappear. (or maybe I'm now too paranoid since I don't have a clear idea of this yet???)
Hello,

Its great to hear that you feel like this I am very pleased with everyone's response from this document it all seems positive.

I would leave the bleach in for around an hour, with Virkon I leave it for 30 minutes. If you want to be extra cautious leave it over night it wouldn't do any harm.

Virkon comes in powder form.

With plants and substrate coming in try and use kiln treated substrate or dry blocks like coir. I use a mixture of pond compost and coir for all the amphibians at Slimbridge. You can buy dry bails of moss or just dry it yourself which helps prevent stuff coming into your collection. With new animals we incinerate the substrate but with animals who have past the 6 month quarantine we double bag the waste and throw in general waste.

I would assume anything that is wet could be potentially caring chytrid spores. So when you get daphnia and bloodworm make sure you rinse it first with fresh water which is a good way to clean off any potential pathogens.

Just remember its not just Chytrid there are other diseases like Rana virus and ones that we don't know about yet.

Kind Regards
Jay
 

Jay Redbond

New member
Joined
Apr 19, 2010
Messages
112
Reaction score
15
Points
0
Location
Gloucestershire
Country
United Kingdom
I'm going to get my small collection tested in the next few weeks, will every animal need testing individually, or would one animal from each tank be enough, especially where juveniles are concerned?
Hello,

Here at Slimbridge we group swab, so use 1 swab for 4-5 animals of the same species. Obviously they are from the same tank, this will give you a greater chance of picking up spores if you swab more animals. Its also much more cost affective.

Thanks
Jay
 

AuSu

Member
Joined
Jul 19, 2014
Messages
254
Reaction score
9
Points
18
Location
Salo, Finland
Country
Finland
Display Name
Auli
Still one guestion, does anybody know would uv-c sterilizer work with these kind of viruses and fungi? I've seen some that are used cleaning foot therapy equipment and I assume there are various fungi etc. in peoples feet...in aquarium use these are told to help vith health and algae but that's all I've found so far (quite a quick search, though).
 

Chinadog

Super Moderator
Staff member
Joined
May 8, 2013
Messages
2,685
Reaction score
64
Points
48
Location
Chesterfield, England
Country
England
I've been wondering the same thing as I run UV sterilisers on most of my aquariums and on my Koi pool. In theory they should kill all bacteria that pass through the UV light, but I don't know about virus or fungal spores?
 

Stupot1610

New member
Joined
Nov 8, 2013
Messages
448
Reaction score
7
Points
0
Country
United Kingdom
I've just had all of my newts and salamanders tested for Bd and Bsal. It was a very interesting experience having the animals swabbed, and I'm anxiously anticipating the results which should be back by next Friday. It will be interesting to see what shows up, or doesn't for that matter!! Someone came up from ZSL to swab all my newts and salamanders and explained the whole Bd/Bsal situation which was fascinating and very insightful. This was part of a study so it was all done for free, great when you consider swabs normally cost £25 each! Unfortunately they didn't want to swab my anurans (which I have more of than newts and salamanders currently) so if I want to find out what they're carrying/not carrying I'll have to pay for the swabs - which I won't do unless something unusual shows up.
When I dispose of water I throw the buckets of water out onto a patch of gravel in my garden (chosen because the gravel is sharp so amphibians and their food don't venture onto this patch).
 
General chit-chat
Help Users
  • No one is chatting at the moment.
  • nerdybirds73:
    im going to keep tubbing her but i still have no clue what went wrong
    +1
    Unlike
  • nerdybirds73:
    her condition keeps getting better and worse its like a roller coaster. I changed the water and am still monitoring her but im not sure what else to do becuase she wont eat and i really dont want her to die.
    +1
    Unlike
  • Murk:
    Hi Nerdybirds - open a thread, that usually gets more views and also allows you to post pictures and give more background information: water parameters, age, etc.
    +1
    Unlike
  • Roadrunner:
    My axolotl can you all take a look at that thread, I am freaked out about my axie
    +1
    Unlike
  • MVM1991:
    His gills seem kinda small, I don't think that's normal but I'm not a huge expert on axolotls
    +1
    Unlike
  • Roadrunner:
    Yeah his gills is kinda small and it can be caused by nitrate level, I am taking care of it atm, I am worried about his weight, is he only overfed or are there any kinds of problems there ?
    +1
    Unlike
  • MVM1991:
    Well, again, I'm no expert. But I did just read axolotls are supposed to have a body about as wide as their head. The gills I'd say are the biggest problem, which could reduce oxygen intake, which could make a whole mess of problems.
    +1
    Unlike
  • Roadrunner:
    Thanks for the help then, I will deal with his gills in no time
    +2
    Unlike
  • Chat Bot:
    Bri the axolotl mom has left the room.
    +1
    Unlike
  • Chat Bot:
    Bri the axolotl mom has joined the room.
    +1
    Unlike
  • nerdybirds73:
    Any one have advice on feeding a tubbed axolotl?
    +1
    Unlike
  • nerdybirds73:
    mine hasent eaten in weeks and im not sure what to do
    +1
    Unlike
  • LauraLobster:
    Hello, I am a new owner of a 3 month old axolotl, and although I have done a lot of research on axolotls, I can barely find any for babies. If anyone can help me with these questions, I would be super happy. How many hours do baby axolotls tend to sleep per day? How many times should I feed it and what would be considered too much (it's current diet is freeze-dried brine shrimp and blood worms, and I currently feed it around 3 bloodworms since they are not that big)? How many times a week should I change the water and how? I have a good filter and use Prime as my conditioner to remove the chlorine and other chemicals, but I still need to figure out how to deal with ammonia and such in the water. How do I clean it's waste (should I use a dropper to easily pick it up)? I need a better cooling system because currently I use ice packs on the side of the tank and I make sure to angle my ac so that it hits the tank.
    +1
    Unlike
  • LauraLobster:
    I also leave the lid open during the day so that evaporation can cool down my tank. I want to buy a fan, but since winter is coming I won't have to buy one yet. Lastly, what water testers are effective and affordable for a broke student like myself? Please, if anyone has any advice I will love to hear it. I care for this creature too much at this point, but I have no one to help me with caring for it other than the internet :,)
    +1
    Unlike
  • EmilyP:
    Hi LauraLobster I am a new owner of axolotls myself and have been getting advice from things like this, I feed mine twice a day on blackworms and brine shrimp blood worms are more of a treat food, a question on where you are keeping you axolotl are you keeping it in the main tank or in a tub also if in the tank did you cycle it first? and if not i suggest tubing it until the tank it cycled, mine are still tubed since I was given bad advice by the shop people about cycling my tank and am still in the process of cycling it. I use pipettes to clean up the mess of my axolotls. I use the API mater test kit for freshwater tanks I am also a student and had to look around to find it the cheapest I could.
    +1
    Unlike
  • AnimeDan:
    Hi LauraLobster, like you I got my first ever Axolotl back in July. Iv found that he has enjoyed and eaten red wigglers well. They are a good source of protein and help provide the nutrients a young lotl needs to grow up big and strong. You will probably need to break it up into smaller pieces until they get bigger but they are what I have primarily fed my buddy since I got him. He’s actually so picky that he won’t even eat his pellets anymore and will hold out till he gets his favorite wormy.
    +1
    Unlike
  • Readysalted:
    Hi I would like to know how you treat nea
    +1
    Unlike
  • Readysalted:
    Hi I would like to know how you treat newt inflamtion I've got one and recently it's started to develop an inflammation on its throat can someone please tell me how you treat this I've also checked if he had something stuck but I didn't se anything
    +1
    Unlike
  • Cjbond:
    Anyone have any Notophthalmus viridescens for purchase to a loving home?
    +2
    Unlike
  • Grantsky:
    Hi, I’m not sure if this is the right place to post this as I am new to the site, b
    +1
    Unlike
  • ltoloxa-:
    Hey, can anyone recommend a good fan/cooler in UK?
    +1
    Unlike
  • Nycolebayne:
    I’ve got proven female axolotls available if anyone is interested.
    +1
    Unlike
  • Mark.H:
    Hey, does anyone know if shale is ok for long-toed salamanders?
    +1
    Unlike
  • MVM1991:
    As long as its cleaned yeah! You can even make overhangs if you have enough pieces to make nice caves and platforms
    +1
    Unlike
  • Mark.H:
    Ok, thanks!
    +1
    Unlike
    Mark.H: Ok, thanks! +1
    Top