Another new Tylototriton, T.shanorum, from Myanmar

FrogEyes

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KANTO NISHIKAWA, MASAFUMI MATSUI AND DINGQI RAO, 2014. A New Species of Tylototriton (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae) from Central Myanmar. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 60(1):9-22.


ABSTRACT
We describe a new species of Tylototriton from Taunggyi, Shan State, central Myanmar, based on molecular and morphological evidence. The new species, Tylototriton shanorum, is classified as a member of the subgenus Tylototriton. The species differs morphologically from all known congeners by having the combination of dull-colored markings, weakly protruding dorsolateral bony ridges on head, narrow and weakly segmented vertebral ridge, and narrow vomerine tooth series. The taxonomic relationship between T. verrucosus and T. shanjing is briefly discussed based on the molecular phylogeny obtained in this study.


This population has been included in many previous studies and has appeared closely related to Nepalese and Bengalese animals, and was otherwise believed to be the same as animals from the type locality of T.verrucosus. There is thus a cluster of separate species along the mountain ridges and river valleys where China borders on southeast Asia. The status of T.shanjing requires review, given the physical differences between shanjing, verrucosus, and pulcherrima, but the shallow genetic differences.


Open Access from the publisher:
Natural History Bulletin
Also available on ResearchGate from the authors.


Thanks to Mikhail Bagaturov for alerting us to this publication [which I rarely check :p]
 
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  • MadamePirateOwl:
    The second image was how it looked the first time, it was mixed with some other poop like stuff. after that its been small and without the poopy stuff
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  • madcaplaughs:
    The second photo looks reminiscent of partially-digested worms, though I've never seen anything like that. Have you checked your parameters lately?
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  • MadamePirateOwl:
    Right now theyre in smaller tubs that i do daily water changes in
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  • MadamePirateOwl:
    I'll admit Ive bought test strips but they havent come in yet
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  • MadamePirateOwl:
    I use Prime to dechlorinate the water, which was recommend by the girl I got them from
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  • madcaplaughs:
    For now I'd tub the axolotl and do daily 100% water changes until you're able to test your parameters
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  • madcaplaughs:
    I'd also recommend ordering a liquid test kit such as the API Freshwater Master Test Kit since strips are generally unreliable and inaccurate.
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  • MadamePirateOwl:
    Okay, thank you for your help and advice :)
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  • k.em:
    anybody growing tylototriton?
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    hi I’m looking for some insight, it would really help if you could check out what I have written^
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    Hey so does anyone ever update this site. I mean the photo contest from 2012..
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    Wait in finding newer posts in different forums
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  • Chelsea smith:
    Hello! Anyone there right now by chance? I have a couple questions about plants in an axolotl tank.
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  • Junaz:
    @Chelsea smith, Hi, what questions did you have?
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  • Chelsea smith:
    Hi! I was wondering if anyone knew if java fern, the floaters like frog bit, anubis, and moss balls could be all kept without any substrate with the axies? I have sand right now with an axie who is over a year but we were just testing the waters really but I continously read about a lot of health issues with sand impacting constipation and hiding bad bacteria and such, we just want to make him comfy.
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  • Junaz:
    I don't know about the java ferns, but the moss balls and anything that floats on the surface of the water should be totally fine! I'm not saying the java ferns aren't an option, I just personally don't know if they can live without some sort of substrate
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  • Littlewolf:
    Java ferns actually do better when they are attached to a piece of wood or other decor anyway. Their rhizomes can be easily burried in sand and then they dont grow properly. The others can also be kept without sand no problem.
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  • madcaplaughs:
    @Chelsea smith All of the plants you've listed can be kept without substrate. Plants with rhizomes cannot be submerged in substrate, as burying the rhizome will cause the plant to suffocate and rot. You can pin these plants under on onto decoration, rocks, etc., just be careful that the rhizome is not in substrate. Moss balls and floating plants, naturally, do not need substrate either. Do note that floating plants require a good amount of light.
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  • Paige1warren:
    Hi guys, I have an 11 month old axoltol who is about 9 inches long. She normally is a pig when it comes to food. I switch between pellets and night crawlers, and sometimes blood worms if she had a big meal the day before. Anyways, I went to go feed her a night crawler today, and she wouldn’t eat it! She turned her head and went to the corner. I noticed that when I cut this worm it seems to release a lot more goop then other worms I’ve cut, I tried to wash it off the best I could with cold water. Do you think maybe she didn’t want to eat it because of that? She normally will eat anything in front of her face. Water perimeters are perfectly normal by the way, and temp is at a steady 63 degrees F.
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  • Paige1warren:
    Also, she looks perfectly fine. Tail is straight, gills aren’t curled, no fungus or anything. It’s probably no big deal, it’s just unusual behavior for her so it really caught my eye. Love my girl and want to make sure everything’s ok.
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    Paige1warren: Also, she looks perfectly fine. Tail is straight, gills aren’t curled, no fungus or anything... +1
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