Bsal prominent in wild Vietnamese Tylototriton

pierson_hill

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Pierson Hill
Abstract: The amphibian chytrid fungi, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and B. salamandrivorans (Bsal),
pose a major threat to amphibian biodiversity. Recent evidence suggests Southeast Asia as a potential
cradle for both fungi, which likely resulted in widespread host-pathogen co-existence. We sampled
583 salamanders from 8 species across Vietnam in 55 locations for Bsal and Bd, determined scaled
mass index as a proxy for fitness and collected environmental data. Bsal was found within 14 of the
55 habitats (2 of which it was detected in 2013), in 5 salamandrid species, with a prevalence of 2.92%.
The globalized pandemic lineage of Bd was found within one pond on one species with a prevalence of
0.69%. Combined with a complete lack of correlation between infection and individual body condition
and absence of indication of associated disease, this suggests low level pathogen endemism and Bsal
and Bd co-existence with Vietnamese salamandrid populations. Bsal was more widespread than Bd, and
occurs at temperatures higher than tolerated by the type strain, suggesting a wider thermal niche than
currently known. Therefore, this study provides support for the hypothesis that these chytrid fungi may
be endemic to Asia and that species within this region may act as a disease reservoir.

Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans is the predominant chytrid fungus in Vietnamese salamanders : Scientific Reports
 
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    That´s the most accurate. Depends on the size of the tub etc. - you just want to make sure the water is always clean
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  • Kwags:
    When little axolotls are tubbed is it common for them to get a little more spunky then usual? Water temps around 64-65 F and has been changed today with prime added
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  • Murk:
    Uh. That depends on your definition of "spunky"?
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  • HalfDrunkToast:
    @Kwags, how big?
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  • HalfDrunkToast:
    my baby hes tubed and hes a wild child xD
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  • Kwags:
    Swimming like crazy. A little more pep in his step. I think about 3 inches.
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  • faebugz:
    Hi does anyone know if jungle fungus clear is safe to use for my axolotl? She has some either fungus or bacterial growth on her fillibrae and maybe body and I read that's good to use if you aren't sure if the problem is bacterial or fungal
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  • EasternRomioi3:
    I have not heard of that before.
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  • EasternRomioi3:
    That jungle fungus clear. I've been dealing with some fungus with my axolotl on and off this summer. The Holtsfreter solution and water changes just seem to do the trick after a bit
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    Where do you get the holtsfreter solution? I've been upping water changes but salt bath seems to be more stressful/harmful than beneficial because she does not like to be caught!
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    Anyone know how to harden soft water without raising pH?
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    To raise GH, add calcium carbonate (or tums). What has you doing this?
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    Thank you! My tap water is naturally low in GH and KH, and I need to raise it... but I don't want to raise the pH, which is perfect, with coral.
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    anyone have firebelly newts forsale message me !!!!!
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    Lol
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    Hey all I’m looking for some help.
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    How do I create a thread?
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    LYes? It might be easier if u posted a thread
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    Yes, how can I do this? Is it by creating a room? Thank you for your help
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    Hey guys, I suppose this is a foolish question, but will my long-toed salamanders over-eat resulting in obesity?
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    Hi Delaney. Can you be more specific? There are lots of reasons for cloudy water, such as substrate getting kicked up, water hardness, etc. if you don’t have hard water and it doesn’t settle then I’d do a water change and see if that helps.
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    AnimeDan: Hi Delaney. Can you be more specific? There are lots of reasons for cloudy water, such as... +1
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