Bsal prominent in wild Vietnamese Tylototriton

pierson_hill

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Pierson Hill
Abstract: The amphibian chytrid fungi, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and B. salamandrivorans (Bsal),
pose a major threat to amphibian biodiversity. Recent evidence suggests Southeast Asia as a potential
cradle for both fungi, which likely resulted in widespread host-pathogen co-existence. We sampled
583 salamanders from 8 species across Vietnam in 55 locations for Bsal and Bd, determined scaled
mass index as a proxy for fitness and collected environmental data. Bsal was found within 14 of the
55 habitats (2 of which it was detected in 2013), in 5 salamandrid species, with a prevalence of 2.92%.
The globalized pandemic lineage of Bd was found within one pond on one species with a prevalence of
0.69%. Combined with a complete lack of correlation between infection and individual body condition
and absence of indication of associated disease, this suggests low level pathogen endemism and Bsal
and Bd co-existence with Vietnamese salamandrid populations. Bsal was more widespread than Bd, and
occurs at temperatures higher than tolerated by the type strain, suggesting a wider thermal niche than
currently known. Therefore, this study provides support for the hypothesis that these chytrid fungi may
be endemic to Asia and that species within this region may act as a disease reservoir.

Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans is the predominant chytrid fungus in Vietnamese salamanders : Scientific Reports
 
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    @ChocoUniversa, Buy some ammonia and an eyedropper from Walmart and a water test kit for ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates. Figure out (through testing) how many drops it will take to get the ammonia level to the test's maximum measurement. Add that same number of drops every 24 hours. Eventually, the ammonia will start to go down as it's converted to nitrites. Keep adding ammonia. The nitrite levels will spike for a while and then they too will start to go down as they convert to nitrates. These you get rid of by doing water changes, which you should be doing anyway throughout the process. Once all of these are at low levels, your aquarium is ready. It takes about a month, maybe two (mine took a month and a half). Be sure to add ammonia until the day of or the day before you add your axolotl.
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    Hey guys, this is my first time using this so bear with me. I have an adult axie who looks like he’s developed some fungus on gills. It’s still really small and only on one part. I put him in a 10 gal quarantine tank with an Indian almond leaf. I want to give him a black tea bath but not sure if I can add my black tea to the tank with the Indian almond leaf in there. Any advice?
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    Hi, My axolotl has just started morphing, but has some fungal spot behind the gill.
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    Should I fridge therapy and salt wash? or will this not be wise when she is morphing.
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    @BChen3695, what are your parameters and temp? The fact that they're raised bumps could indicate fungus or bacterial infection.
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    madcaplaughs: @BChen3695, what are your parameters and temp? The fact that they're raised bumps could indicate... +2
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