Detritus - Organic matter derived from dead or decaying plants and animals and their waste products (e.g., skin cells, feces, shed skin, etc.). Serves as a food source for certain aquatic and terrrestial animals and as a substrate for bacterial and fungal growth.
That's good, jan. I'm going to modify it slightly and throw some mulm into the mix:
Detritus - Organic matter derived from dead or decaying plants and animals and their waste products (e.g., skin cells, feces, etc.). Serves as a food source for certain aquatic and terrestrial animals (see [Tank Critters article]) and as a substrate for bacterial and fungal growth.
Mulm - The end-product of fully decomposed [detritus] in an aquarium. Appears as brown debris, usually under gravel.
Detritivores - scavengers that eat dead plant and animal material. Healthy [aquariums] contain an assortment of detritivores, which transform aquarium [detritis] into [mulm]. Soil-based [terrariums] also contain detritivores. Detritivores range in size from microscopic to easily-seen, and include creatures such as protozoans, tiny worms, snails, etc. See [Tank Critters article].
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Hi all I'm new here I'm just looking some advise on cycle witch is currently driving me insane . So we are week 8 I'm dosing daily with 4pp of amonia and for the last week has been dropping to zero witch I no is good. But my question is my nitrites are sitting at between 0.50 and 1.0 PM and nitrates are between 10 and 20 and neither of these seem to be dropping. I have done 2 40% water changes a few days ago and no change the only thing I can think of is I didnt use the seachem stability stuff which I have now ordered but surely that shouldn't have much difference this far into cycling
Dropping ammonia with rising nitrate and nitrite is good. It means the nitrifying bacteria is working. You just have to remove the nitrate from the water doing water changes. The level of nitrates is high and the nitrate is also high. The nitrite will be converted to nitrate using the beneficial bacteria and you can add them using quick start or allowing them to naturally grow in the tank. The latter option will take longer. The nitrate can be used by plants, so live plants can decrease the levels, but I would do a water change to get the nitrate at a level that is lower than 5 ppm. 5ppm of nitrate is natural and a good place.