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Pedro Oliveira

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Hi people!!
Did you know this?
This article tells us about the biggest fossil salamander found in the world . In Portugal course eheh . The news is in Portuguese , but I tried my best with the translation..

Paleontologists of FCT- UNL discover super salamander from time of dinosaurs in Portugal

A new species of salamander was discovered in Portugal who lived during the dinosaurs period. She was one of the largest predators Earth about 200 million years ago, according to a new study . The paleontologists team identified a new species of salamander that gets its name dedicated to the region , Metoposaurus algarvensis , after digging the bones on the rocks of an ancient lake from the time of dinosaurs, in the municipality of Loulé, Algarve. For the paleontologist who participated in the discovery and study, Octavio Mateus "this discovery is an example of a finding from a time in which we know very little in Portugal, the Triassic, about 200 million years ago , when lived some of the first dinosaurs". In addition to this paleontologist of the faculty of Science and Technology from the New University of Lisbon and the developer's Lourinhã Museum , the study also includes researchers from the Universities of Edinburgh, Birmingham and Natural History museum in Paris.

The discovery shows that the geographic distribution of this group of animals was greater than previously thought. Fossil remains of such animals were found in Africa, Europe and North America but differences in the skull and jaw structure of the fossils found in Portugal revealed that they belonged to a new species. This species was discovered in a layer full of bones where dozens of animals may have died when the lake dried up.
Only a fraction of the site - about 4 square meters - was excavated so far, and the team will continue to work to find new fossils. Most of this type of large amphibians were wiped out during a mass extinction that occurred 201 million years ago, long before the death of the dinosaurs. This marked the end of the Triassic Period, when the supercontinent Pangaea, which included all the continents of the world, began to split. The study, published in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, was funded by the National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation, Jurassic Foundation, CNRS, Columbia University Climate Center and the Chevron Student Initiative Fund. Additional support was provided by the Municipality of Loulé, Silves Municipal Council and Board of Parish of Salir Algarve. The excavation took place with paleontology students FCT- New University of Lisbon and the laboratory preparation of the fossils made at the Museum of Lourinhã.
Dr Steve Brusatte of the University of Edinburgh, the first author of the study, said:. "This new amphibian looks like something out of a movie monsters.She was as long as a small car and had hundreds of sharp teeth in its large flat head, which looks like a toilet seat. This was the kind of fierce predator that the first dinosaurs had to face, long before the glory days of T. rex and Brachiosaurus."



this is the original:
Paleontólogos da FCT-UNL descobrem super salamandra do tempo dos dinossauros em Portugal | Departamento de Ciências da Terra


All the best!
 
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    Bloodworms are not a great sole diet for small axolotl or bigger ones, though many people do use them exclusively. Your better off using eartworms which are considered a complete diet
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    Hello guys! I was wondering about nitrates in an axolotl tank. If there are 0 nitrates, will that harm the axolotl?
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    0 nitrates doesn't sound dangerous, but it does sound very unlikely if the tank is fully cycled. Are you positive you're performing the test correctly? If you're using the API one, that is by far the trickiest test to do right. If the reading is correct, I would guess that either your tank is not cycled, you just did like a 100% water change, or that you have plants sucking up the nitrates, but even those shouldn't leave you with 0.
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    0 is fine unless the tank isn't cycled. Most tanks definitely won't run at 0, but I've had fast growing emergent plants drop nutrients so low that other plants like floaters were choked out and began dying so it isn't impossible. Some less sensitive kits may read 0 but they are just not precise enough to give an accurate low level reading too.
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    Hey Yall my Axolotl has this like tail thats like a dent on the top, I was told it was meant stress but idk whats stressing out my Axolotl. The plants recently gotten moved since they were falling apart but like she's been eating/pooping fine and the temp and water tests are good for the Axolotl. So I don't really know whats causing her to be stress. Does anyone know anything?
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    Post a picture of the dent (in the "Sick Axolotl" thread) please
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    Hey guys! I’m having an issue with my filter and was hoping for some suggestions. I use an aqua clear 20-50 gallon filter for my 20 gallon axolotl tank. It has worked great since I got it back in December! Recently though, I’ve noticed the flow of the water has turned into more of an intense trickle than a constant flow (if that makes any sense?) I thought it may be something was stuck in the filter or maybe the sponge needed to be swished around in tank water, so I did both of these and it still trickles. It’s a very strong trickle, so the tank is still getting good filtration. It is just so loud and I was wondering if this has happened to anyone else and if there’s a way to fix it?
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    Hmm, I don't know much about those filters, and I'm having trouble picturing what you mean, but could it be simply that your filtration media is arranged in a different way? Or maybe you're losing water content to evaporation? Just throwing out ideas. 😁 Again, I don't really know much about that kind of filter
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    Hello all. My male axolotl's cloaca hasn't been looking quite right for 13 days. When I first noticed it, I immediately checked the temperature of his tank and it was around 70-71. Way too warm for him, so I took him out and have had him tubbed in the basement ever since. The temperature of his water is now 64-65. The issue seems to be that one 'half' of his cloaca is flared out and has white fuzzy stuff on it. It almost looks like a bunch of little white spikes of hair. Only one half is this way. Sometimes said half is flared out almost all the way, and other times it's almost completely back inside of him. I had him in tea baths overnight for probably five days, and then a solid 24 hours of mild tea for around three days. I don't remember exactly, my apologies.
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    Since it was looking better (not flared out so I couldn't tell if it was still fuzzy) I put him back in plain, dechlorinated water. He gets daily water changes, always dechlorinated. The tea I used was plain black tea. The brand was Lipton and it came in a large box, purchased from the grocery store. Does anybody know what this could be? I found a couple old threads with a similar issue, but nobody ever replied to them. I can post a thread if you'd like some pictures, but they aren't very good. My camera was having trouble focusing and my axolotl kept moving.
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    @Audrey22, A salt bath *might* be a good idea, but I have never heard of them used for anything but axolotls. I would think as simplistic of a setup as possible would be best. Are you a member of the newts & salamanders group on facebook? You might have better luck getting more information quickly there! lots of the same members as here.
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    Ok ill on Facebook too. Thanks. I've heard tea or salt and also neosporin. Do axolots breathe and absorb through their skin like sallies? Thats what I'm afraid of. Because I don't want them to absorb salt if that will hurt them. Anyways, I'll look at Facebook too
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    CrazyForLotls: @gulickje, could you make a thread in the sick axolotls section? You can put pictures there and... +1
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