I never really clean the substrate other than siphoning away any obvious muck on the surface during water changes, its pretty much filled with root systems of the plants in there.
Between the snails, shrimp and not overfeeding there's very little that doesn't get broken down and eaten by something.
There's Greater Ramshorn snails and mostly Japonica shrimp that do a great job cleaning up dead leaves, Algae etc. There's some Cherry shrimp as well, but I won't bother with them after these are gone as the newts have learned how to catch and eat them quite easily.
The plants are Giant Vallis, Bacopa, Rotala, Marimo moss balls, another, smaller Vallis like plant and Anubias as far as I can remember. I keep meaning to update this thread with some recent pics when I have time, I'll try and do it over the weekend if I can.
One more question, I feed my newts blackworms/tubifex as a staple, is there any fear of them getting into the substrate and fouling it up? I kept a little bit of gravel with my H. orientalis for a while and this happened. The worms lived for quite a while in the gravel and would serve as a snack once in a while for the newts hunting them, but would eventually die and foul up the substrate. This could be because I didn't have any cleanup critters in there or any plants that were actually rooted in the substrate (I only had free floating elodea and java moss. Would a well established planted aquarium plus the critters take care of this for the most part?
For years I've had either Blackworms or Tubifex in some of my tanks and haven't had any issues. I think if the tank is properly maintained and clean, they are just another 'clean up critter' taking advantage of captive conditions.
Any further forward on the LED lighting yet?, my main tank is also a jewel tank and the lights give off a lot of heat. I cut vents in the lid to let air circulate better it doesn't do much for the heat but does allow some air circulation. Bare with me I'll post a picture , I have all my juvenile Tylototriton species in boxes on top of the tank they benefit from the heat when the light is on ,and seem to be doing well with the drop in temperature at night when the lights go off even though it's getting pretty cold at nights.
I have to keep an eye on it though I can't risk any loses
Hi I recently rescued a lotl (i did weeks of research before rescuing) Hes mabey 5 or 6 years of age..the previous owner could not remember the exact age of him. I got him from her as he was or had been picked on by his tank mate another lotl who was bough with him from every younger age, I noticed one of his gills, a middle one at the end had split in two? And is slightly more floppy? He also appears or mabey I'm just over worried to mabey have lost some feathers, is that normal to lose some?...all levels in the tank are fine, but wondered if theres and advice anyone could give me as an experienced owner to a new one.
@Lanalotl Sounds like the gills may have been nipped by the tank mate. If he is in his own tank and the parameters etc are all good, then he should grow them back and they should go back to full health and strength. However, depending on how old the injury is they may not fully grow back if they have been constantly nipped at.
Can anyone tell me why this is happening? We just did a water change and after freaking out and whipping around the tank, an hour later they look like this. It won't let me send a pic. The edges of their gills are white and it looks like they have skin shedding off
It sounds like something went wrong with the water change, so this could be very dangerous. Did you use a dechlorinator? Could it be there are traces of chlorine or soap in the water? (Or for example, in the bucket you used?)
Normally, I would recommend taking them out of the tank asap and putting them in a tub with fresh water, but if there's something wrong with your tap water or dechlorinator, that might not help either. Do you have acces to bottled water or rain water?
I think my axie is dying, he’s never had any issues before, I’ve had him 3 years, today I noticed some fluffy looking stuff coming from his genital area so I took him out of his tank and did a full tank clean to make sure the water wasn’t infected as I thought it was fungus and then I noticed he had a cut on his belly which was only small about 5 hours ago and now it’s spread to all of his belly, what do I do I’m freaking out
Hi I have 2 4in juveniles (I’ve had them about 2 weeks and they are doing well I think they’ve grown a little already honestly) but I am supposed to go on a 5-6 day vacation in October about 3-4 months from now. I am wondering how I should go about their care when I am gone. I thought about putting them in separate (fairly big) containers with live plants and/or bubblers with a fan in the dark and either fridging them (my last plan) but I am hoping to to either have someone I trust come feed them and turkey baste waste out or just leave them out and clean the containers before we leave and have someone come check on them once or twice. Does any of this sound like a good or bad idea? I want the best for them. All help appreciated
Hi, so I have 2 male axolotls and about an hour ago they were both perfectly fine and now only one of them has his tail curling up and his gills are slightly curled?? But other than that they’re both acting normally
Does anyone have any idea how to help with high ammonia levels? I have the API freshwater master kit and everything else’s test results were great besides ammonia. I did a 50% water change and I use API products including ammonia lock.
Help! I got my first axolotl two days ago and they have stopped eating. They ate a few frozen blood worms the first day and haven’t eaten or been interested in food since. I feed them frozen blood worms and the tank is around 64 degrees. I do have a filter that moves sometimes and I noticed them swimming up to it, I have a new filter and a fan coming today or tomorrow. I leave the worms in the tank or a little bit before taking them out so I don’t know if they ate when I wasn’t looking. I know it takes a while for them to digest. Does anyone have any tips or knowledge they can share? The pet store I bought them from didn’t have gravel or sand in the tank so I’m not sure if theres an issue or if I’m just impatient. Thank you!
@MuggleMiChu I would say try live black/blood worms untell they are full or just turn there head away ( that's what mine do) if that does not work try to get some live brine shrimp and see if they eat that. baby axolotl prefer live food over frozen food as the frozen food is too cold for them or they can't eat it in one go( that's if you do the blocks) mine eat chopped up frozen thawed shrimp. as for them not eating from what I have experienced with my second axolotl, I got her when she was about an inch long and she ate every day, when they start getting 3-4 inches long they will gradually slow down there eating. and if you really want to do substrate I would do sand because if they do ingest a little bit it won't hurt them.
Thank you so much for the information and advice! They are eating again, they ate a lot today. I think it might have been stress from the move or digesting old food, I also noticed they ate some of the food left in the tank (I removed the rest). I’m going to keep the tank bare bottom.